# What is Time? And How to Tell Time

Time is the continued sequence of existence and events that occurs in an apparently irreversible succession from the past, through the present, into the future.

Time is money. Time is of the essence. Time is, well, important. Telling time is especially important as you grow up and **become a busy person.** This article here is for anybody who wants to know how to tell time

# Learning the Basic Techniques Of Time

Find a working clock to look at. On this clock, you’ll notice a lot of numbers and three arrows, also called hands.

- One hand is very thin and moves very fast. It’s called the seconds hand. Every time it moves, a second has gone by.
- Another hand is thick and long like the seconds hand. It’s called the minutes hand. Every time it moves one little tick, a minute has gone by. Every 60 times it moves a whole step, an hour has gone by.
- The last hand is thick, too, but smaller than the minutes hand. It’s called the hours hand. Every time it moves one big tick, an hour has gone by. Every 24 times it moves a whole step, a day has gone by.

## Know the relationship between seconds, minutes, and hours.

Seconds, minutes, and hours are all measures of the same thing: time. They’re not the same thing, but they measure the same thing.

- Every 60 seconds counts as one minute. 60 seconds, or 1 minute, is the time it takes the seconds hand to move from the number 12 all the way back again to 12.
- Every 60 minutes counts as one hour. 60 minutes, or 1 hour, is the time it takes the minutes hand to move from the number 12 all the way back again to 12.
- Every 24 hours counts as one day. 24 hours, or one day, is the time it takes the hours hand to move from the number 12 all the way back again to 12, and then around one more time.

## Look at the numbers on the clock.

You’ll notice that there are a lot of numbers laid out around the clock. They are laid out in ascending order, which means they get bigger as they move around the circle of the clock. There are numbers going up from 1 all the way to 12

## Know that every hand on a clock travels around a circle in the same direction.

We call this direction “clockwise.” It goes in the order of the numbers, like the clock was counting up from 1 to 12. The hands on the clock always travel this direction when they are working properly.

## Telling the Hours Of Time

**Look at the number that the hours hand (the small, thick hand) is pointing at.** This will tell us the hour of the day. The hours hand always points at the big numbers on the clock

**Know that often, the hours hand will be pointed in between two numbers.** When it’s pointed between two numbers, the hour of the day is always the lower number.

- So if the hours hand is pointed between 5 and 6 on the clock, it’s 5-something, because 5 is the lower number.

**Know that if the hours hand is pointed directly at a big number, it’s exactly that-o’clock.** For example, if the small, thick hand is pointed directly at the number 9, it’s exactly 9 o’clock.

**Learn the movement of the hands**. Watch as the hour hand moves slowly closer to a big number, the minutes hand gets closer to the number 12. When the minutes hand hits 12, the next hour starts.

## Telling The Minutes

**Look at the number that the minutes hand (the long, relatively thick hand) is pointing at.** This will tell us the minute of the day. Notice the little ticks in between the big numbers. These represent minutes, although each big number also one minute, as well as the hour. Tell how many minutes there are by counting each little tick as one minute, starting from the number

Use multiples of five. When the minutes hand is pointing at a big number on the clock, use multiples of five to tell how many minutes there are.

**Learn to determine the minutes. Minute time uses multiples of five, along with little ticks in between big numbers. **When the minutes hand is pointed in between a big number on the clock, find the nearest big number that it has passed, multiply that number by 5, and add that product to however many little ticks are in between. There are four small ticks in between each big number.

**Know where the minutes hand is when the hours hand is pointed exactly at its number.** When the hours hand is pointed exactly at a big number on the clock, the minutes hand will always be pointed directly at 12.

This is because the hour changed, so the minutes hand is starting over again. If the hours hand is pointed directly at 5 and the minutes clock is pointed directly at 12, that means it’s 5 o’clock exactly.

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