Basic requirements for family sponsorship
Canada Family sponsorship – How to Apply
In other for a person to be a sponsor, such an individual must possess the following:
- You must be 18 years of age or older.
- you must be a Canadian citizen, a permanent resident, or a person registered in Canada as an Indian under the Canadian Indian Act.
- You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits you to provide financial support for your relative, if necessary. This agreement also says the person becoming a permanent resident will make every effort to support her or himself.
- Depending on the person you sponsor, additional obligations may be imposed.
Who you can sponsor:
- A spouse, a common-law partner, or a married partner
- Your dependent children
- Your parents and grandparents
- Your brothers or sisters, nephews or nieces, granddaughters or grandsons who are orphaned, under 18 years of age, and not married or in a common-law relationship
- Another relative of any age or relationship but only under specific conditions
- Certain accompanying relatives of the above
Who Is A Spouse:
Spouse – You are a spouse if you are married to your sponsor and your marriage is legally valid.
Common-law partner – You are a common-law partner, either of the opposite sex or same sex if you have been living together in a conjugal relationship for at least one year continuous (a 12-month period that was not interrupted). You will need proof that you and your common-law partner have combined your affairs and set up a household.
Conjugal partner – This category is for partners, either of the opposite sex or same sex, where exceptional circumstances beyond their control prevented them from living together and therefore cannot qualify as common-law partners or spouses.
Dependent children – A son or daughter is dependent when the child:
is under the age of 22 and does not have a spouse or common-law partner;
is over the age of 22 and depended substantially on the financial support of a parent before the age of 22 because of a physical or mental condition.
Spousal Work Permit
Spouses and common-law partners who are in Canada may be allowed to work under the Spousal Work Permit Pilot Program, while their immigration applications are being finalized.
Eligible candidates must apply under the Spouse or Common-Law Partner in Canada class and make sure they maintain a valid temporary status as a visitor, student, or worker.
As a sponsors, you are mandated to sign an undertaking to provide the sponsored person with the basic requirements from the day they enter Canada until the term of the undertaking terminates. However, this undertaking is a contract between the sponsor(s) and CIC that the sponsor will repay the government for any social assistance payments made to the sponsored person. Sponsors remain obligated to the undertaking agreement for the entire period of the contract, even in a change of circumstances such as marital breakdown, separation, divorce, or a financial change in circumstances.
In the case of a spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner, a sponsor is required to sign an undertaking to reimburse the federal or provincial governments from the date on which they become a permanent resident for the period of three (3) years.
In the case of a dependent child under the age of 22 years, of the sponsor or the spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner, the obligation commences on the day that the child becomes a permanent resident of Canada for the period of 10 years or until the child reaches the age of 22 years, whichever is earlier. In the province of Quebec, the length of this undertaking is different.
In the case of a dependent child over the age of 22 years, of the sponsor or the spouse, common-law partner, or conjugal partner, the obligation commences on the day that the dependent child becomes a permanent resident, for a period of three (3) years.
In the case of parents and grandparents, the sponsorship obligation extends for a period of 20 years from the date in which the member of the family class becomes a permanent resident. For all other family members, the obligation is of a duration of 10 years. Canada Family sponsorship – How to Apply
Canadian citizens living outside of Canada may sponsor their spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, or dependent children without dependent children of their own, who have not been convicted of an offense causing bodily harm, provided that they are able to demonstrate that they will reside in Canada after the sponsored persons become permanent residents.
Permanent residents residing abroad may not sponsor their family members from outside Canada. They must reside in Canada during the sponsorship process. Canada Family sponsorship – How to Apply
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